Cat Vaccination

Vaccination has revolutionised control of infectious disease in our pets. It is essential that all pets are adequately vaccinated to help protect the pet population as a whole. Responsible pet care requires kittens to be given their initial course of vaccinations, but this cannot protect them for the rest of their lives. Adult cats require regular vaccination to maintain immunity against disease.

 

Kitten Vaccination
Kittens are ‘temporarily’ protected against many diseases by antibodies received through their mother’s milk. These maternal antibodies decline in the first couple of months of their lives, however until they drop sufficiently they can also neutralise vaccines. This is why a series of vaccinations is necessary for a kitten. We recommend kittens receive 3 vaccinations, the first at 6-8 weeks, then at 12-14 weeks and again at 16-18 weeks. Please be aware that your kitten is not fully protected until all 3 vaccinations have been given within the recommended intervals.

Adult Cat Vaccination
The immunity from kitten vaccination weakens over time and your pet can again become susceptible to disease. Annual health checks and booster vaccinations will provide the best protection for the life of your pet. Pets, on average, age five to eight times faster than humans. By age 2, most pets have already reached adulthood and are considered 'senior' by the age of 8. Annual health checks that is performed along with the vacciantion, can help the veterinarian diagnose, treat or even prevent problems before they become serious or life-threatening.

 

A Guide to Cat Vaccination

Time schedule (age)

Vaccination Coverage

6-8 weeks

Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Enteritis, Leukemia (LV) , Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

12-14 weeks

Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Enteritis, Leukemia (LV), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

16-18 weeks

Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Enteritis, Leukemia (LV), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

Every year for life

Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Enteritis, Leukemia (LV), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After Vaccination Care

Following vaccination your cat may be off-colour for a day or two, or have some slight swelling or tenderness at the injection site. Access to food and water and a comfortable area to rest are usually all that is required for a quick recovery. However, if the response seems more severe, you should contact us for advice.

 
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF CATS THAT WE VACCINATE AGAINST

Feline Enteritis (also known as Feline Panleucopenia)
It is very contagious and the death rate is high, especially under 12 months of age. Pregnant cats may lose their young or give birth to kittens with abnormalities, quite often with brain damage. Symptoms are depression, loss of appetite, uncontrollable vomiting and diarrhoea, often with blood and severe abdominal pain.

The virus spreads so easily that heavily contaminated areas may need cleaning with a special disinfectant. Cats that do recover may continue to carry the virus for some time and infect other cats.


Feline Respiratory Disease (Catflu)

It is caused in 90% of cases by feline herpesvirus (feline rhinotracheitis) and/or feline calicivirus.


Feline respiratory disease affects cats of all ages, especially young kittens, Siamese and Burmese cats. It is highly contagious and causes sneezing, coughing, runny eyes, nasal discharge, loss of appetite and tongue ulcers.

Fortunately, the death rate is low except in young kittens, but the disease is distressing and may persist for several weeks. Recovered cats can continue to carry and spread the infection for long periods, and can show signs of the disease again if they become stressed.


Feline Leukaemia (FeLV)
Feline Leukaemia is a serious disease of cats caused by feline leukaemia virus.

The virus attacks the immune system and may be associated with lack of appetite, weight loss and apathy, pale or yellow mucous membranes, vomiting, diarrhoea, reproductive problems, increased susceptibility to other infections, leukaemia and tumours. Many cats may be infected and show no signs at all.

About one third of infected cats remain chronically infected and may shed virus in their saliva, tears, nasal secretions and urine. The most common route of spreading the disease is via cat fight wounds.


Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) 

Feline AIDS is a disease caused by infection with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and affects the cat’s immune system. Their natural defence against attack by other diseases may be seriously affected, much in the same way as human AIDS.
This disease is not transmissible to humans.

 
FIV is almost always transmitted by bites from infected cats. The virus that causes the disease is present in saliva.
While some infected cats show no sign of disease, others may display initial symptoms such as fever, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, lethargy and swollen lymph nodes.

As the disease progresses, symptoms may occur such as weight loss, sores in and around the mouth, eye lesions, poor coat and chronic infections.

Eventually, the immune system becomes too weak to fight off other infections and diseases. As a result, the cat may die from one of these subsequent infections.

Unfortunately in Australia, a lot of cats are infected with this virus. This disease is also spread via cat fight wounds, so outdoor roaming cats would have higher risks of catching this disease.

 

When caring for a kitten or cat there are a number of important areas that needs to be considered, including preventative care. Have you thought about:

 

     * Intestinal Worming 

     * Heartworming

     * Flea Control

     * Desexing

     * Microchipping

     * Nutrition

     * Cat Care

     * Pet Health Insurance